Barack Obama - left hand wave at the airport.

Into the hands of Barack Obama – US President

Recently Barack Obama was recognized in an international poll as the most popular leader in the world of today, and this week Obama was also listed in the 2010 TIME TOP 100 as the no. 4. of world’s most influential people (in the 2009 TIME TOP 100 he was listed as no.20). Into the hands of Barack Obama – a tribute to the hands of the current US president!

The most remarkable hand characteristics of Barack Obama’s hands are:

>> THUMB: Slender & waisted;
>> FINGERS: Slender & bony, low set index finger, low 2D:4D digit ratio, long ring finger, long pinky finger;
>> FINGERPRINTS: (unknown);
>> HAND SHAPE: Narrow & long palms;
>> HAND LINES: Strong primary lines, multiple long ‘ring finger lines’ (a.k.a. ‘sun lines’ or ‘apollo lines’).

MORE ABOUT OBAMA’S HANDS:
4 Out of the 5 last US presidents were left-handed!
What hand experts say about Barack Obama’s hands!
Psychodiagnostic hand analysis of Barack Obama’s hands!
FINGER LENGTH: Barack Obama’s “digit ratio”!
TIME’s presidental palm readings: hand files of the last 10 US presidents!

The right hand of Barack Obama - photo impression from his inauguration.
The left hand of Barack Obama - photo impression during a speach.

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The evolution of hand & foot.

Is the mystery about the evolution of the human hand solved?

What did Charles Darwin say about hands & feet?

Scientists from Canada may have solved the mystery of how human hands became nimble enough to make and manipulate stone tools – it may be a side-effect of evolutionary changes in our feet!

A BBC report describes that the discussion continues – for other scientists now question the mathematical model which was used to simulate the changes between the hands & feet of chimpanzees and humans. Campbell Rolian, a scientist from the University of Calgary described:

“This goes back to Darwin’s The Descent of Man. “[Charles Darwin] was among the first to consider the relationship between stone tool technology and bipedalism.”

“His idea was that they were separate events and they happened sequentially – that bipedalism freed the hand to evolve for other purposes.”

“What we showed was that the changes in the hand and foot are similar developments… and changes in one would have side-effects manifesting in the other.”

“So, if you have a long big toe, you tend have a long thumb.”

“One reason fingers and toes may be so strongly correlated is that they share a similar genetic and developmental ‘blueprint’, and small changes to this blueprint can affect the hand and foot in parallel. We used the mathematical model to simulate the evolutionary pressures on the hands and feet.”

SUGGESTION FOR FURTHER READING:
The evolution of the human hand!
Five major differences between the primate hand & the human hand!
Primate hands: finger length linked with social behavior!
Beagle report: Charles Darwin had the long pointer finger
The six digit man – hand satire from the Bill Gates Medical Center!

The primate foot & the human foot.
The primate foot & the human foot.

The right hand of the Dalai Lama!

Tenzin Gyatso, the 14th Dalai Lama (1935)

Paris, France: Today an international poll – covering 6,135 adults aged between 16 and 64 in Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Spain and the United States – revealed that the Dalai Lama is the second most popular leader in the world (Barack Obama was voted first, Hillary Clinton third). Thumbs up for the 14th Dalai Lama – a tribute to his hands.

The most remarkable characteristic in the hands of the Dalai Lama are probably the unusual starting point of his ‘apollo line’ (a.k.a. the ‘sun line’): his right hands shows 2 strong sun lines which start in the palmar zone below the heartline & pinky finger (in the ulnar side of the palm).

The Encyclopedia of Palmistry describes that the ‘apollo line’ in general is associated with creativity, brilliancy, and capability for success. And the rather unusual variant of the Dalai Lama’s sun is specified to the following life issue:

“If the line [‘apollo line’] begins from the plane or the mounts of Mars, the indications for success are from stugle and conflict. If it starts on the mounts, this will indicate that the subject’s fighting spirit plays a great part in his or her success.”

NOTICE: In this perspective it is interesting to notice that a few other Nobel Peace Price winners have this ‘nobel’ ring finger line as well, including: Barack Obama, Nelson Mandela, Kofi Annan, Mother Teresa & Martin Luther King – more details will be discussed in the near future!

(Many more pictures of the hands of the Dalai Lama + his handprint at ‘Thumbs Up‘)

SUGGESTION FOR FURTHER READING:
The hands of 10 US presidents!
The hands of politicians

The handprint of the Dalia Lama.

Professor John T. Manning explains how finger length relates to testosterone & athletic behavior.

Last year NextNature reported that job interviews might get replaced by brain scans within five years. But our bodies presents another biometric measure that correlates with social ability – it’s in the ratio of your fingers! John T. Manning, professor in psychology, has demonstrated how his ‘controversial’ academic theory can be applied to individuals.

Academic science has developed a new theory about how finger length relates to human biology & behavior. A significant part of theory is focussed on the so-called: ‘2D:4D digit ratio’, which concerns the full length ratio of only two fingers: index finger vs. ring finger. In women the length of both fingers is usuallly about equal (2D:4D digit ratio = 1.00), while in men the ring finger is usually slightly longer (digit ratio = 0.98): a tiny sex difference.

NOTICE: This tiny sexe difference has been confirmed among many ethnic populations around the world, but one should also keep in mind that the finger length differences between ethnic populations are often larger than the finger length differences between males and females.

FINGER LENGTH & SOCIAL ABILITY

The earlier NextNature report described that brain scans can recognize tendencies towards autism – it concerns a matter of ‘hypermasculinity’ of the brains. The same is true for the ‘2D:4D digit ratio’: multiple international studies have revealed that people with autism usually have typical male-like finger length ratios (0.94 or lower). However – maybe less surprizing – the typical male-like low 2D:4D ratio also relates to athletic ability!

FINGER LENGTH & ATHLETIC ABILITY

Professor John T. Manning of the University of Liverpool (School of Biological Sciences, Liverpool, UK) explains the link between finger length & athletic ability as follows (in the BBC’s ‘Secret of The Sexes‘):

“Our fingers have information about how much testosterone and how much oestrogen we’ve been exposed to in the whomb. So, the longer one’s ring finger relative to one’s index finger, the more testosterone you’ve had. And that testosterone has an effect on the brain, and on the body. If a boy has a large amount of testosterone before birth, he is likely to be born with a very efficient heart and vascular system.”

“So the longer one’s ring finger relative to one’s index finger, the faster one can run.”

The BBC’s “Secret of The Sexes” confronted the ‘finger Professor’ with six athletes – all 5000 meter specialists, and asked him to “predict” the outcome of the race based on finger length only. Actually, the BBC provided Manning photocopies of the athletes hands, and in return Professor Manning risked his reputation by providing the results of a race that had yet to be run.

The outcome of the experiment is unvealed “LIVE” in the video. And surprizingly… the theory appeared to be pretty accurate in practice. After Manning & the athletes are controfonted with the results Manning summarizes:

“… We’ve got four out of six right, but the two that are wrong were kind a quite close.”

The winner of the 5000 meter race responds:

“I thought… that finger thing is bullox because there are so many variables… I am very impressed”.

Coincidence?

Manning’s theory was also confirmed by the results of various studies e.g. on endurance running & sprinting speed. And in another likewise experiment finger length correctly predicted the outcome of a 100 meters race with 5 young sprinters.

FINGER LENGTH & OTHER LIFE ISSUES

In his second book – titled ‘The Finger Book‘ – Professor Manning explains that because of the prental link with the androgens (testosterone & oestrogen), finger length studies have generally shown consequent sensible correlations with a rainbow of life issue. The tiny sex difference appears to be highly revealing, for hundreds of studies the ‘2D:4D digit ratio’ appears to correlate with a wide range of topics that are usually also known for a typical male-female difference, including: musical ability, personality, health, and even sexual preference. More articles & reports are available at: finger length & digit ratio news.

The following three videos present more materials from the episode ‘Brain Sex’ of the BBC’s “Secrets of The Sexes” – that relate to finger length – including social ability: in the second and third video Manning explains how finger length is related to in respective: performance in spatial-visual tasks and another typical sexe-related aspect of personality: the ability to empathize!

NOTICE: You can see the complete movie (three episodes) at: CORNEL1801.

HOW TO MEASURE DIGIT RATIO?

NOTICE: Measuring the ‘2D:4D digit ratio’ is really a matter of measuring the full length of both fingers. Two additional tips to avoid: 1 – don’t try to ‘judge’ the 2D:4D digit ratio with bare eyes only (conscientious measurment + calculation is a necessity) 2 – one can not find the ‘2D:4D digit ratio’ from the back of the hand, nor the tips of the fingers only.

Source picture: University of Cambridge.
University of Cambridge: how to measure the 2D:4D digit ratio.

IS THIS THE NEW ‘PALM READING’?

In 2008 Professor Chris McManus of the University College London (Psychology and Medical Education) characterized Manning’s finger research as follows:

“Chiromancy, the notorious pseudoscience that Sir Walter Scott bracketed with physiognomy, astrology and “other fantastic arts of prediction”, has for two decades been creeping back into scientific favour. And John Manning is its high priest. In The Finger Book, he [Manning] writes: “I believe that the pattern and nature of our decline in middle life and the disease which will eventually lead to our death, is dependent to a large extent on our experiences as a foetus”, a phrase that could almost have been written by Cheiro, the early 20th-century society palmist.”

Because of the obvious association with the divination aspect of palmistry (which is still very popular in various countries such as India & Pakistan), the issue of the ‘2D:4D digit ratio’ will probably continue to have a controversial status.

More ‘Next Nature’ reports? – See: www.nextnature.net.
More ‘2D:4D digit ratio’ reports? – See: www.handresearch.com.

A cave in Mongolia.

Fingerprints found in Mongolian cave made during the ‘Paleolithic Period’.

More historical fingerprints news!

After French argeologists found last summer the ‘oldest’ portrait in the history of mankind in French caves (from 32,000 years ago), recently archeologists have discovered 6,000-year-old fingerprints & paintings in a cave in Mongolia.

A Bernama report (from Malaysian News Agency) describes:

“Chinese archeologists have discovered two 6,000-year-old sites with coloured cave paintings and fingerprints in a mountain in north China’s Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Xinhua news agency reports Thursday.

Wang Dafang, an official with the Inner Mongolia Cultural Bureau, said the paintings from the Paleolithic Period were discovered in two caves on Yabrai Mountain on the edge of the world’s fourth largest desert, Badain Jaran, in Araxan League.

Archeologists believe the fingerprints were painted with mixed dyestuff of ochre powder, animal blood and water. Painters may have used bone pipes to blow the dyestuff onto the cave walls. Wang said three other sites of Paleolithic cave paintings with fingerprints had been found in Araxan.

“The cave environment, the painting style and the dyestuff used for the paintings here are similar to European Paleolithic cave paintings,” Wang said.

He added the cave paintings in Araxan have been badly damaged by weathering and rain water erosion. Except for the fingerprints, no drawings can be made out”

SUGGESTION FOR FURTHER READING:
The evolution of the human hand!
The oldest portrait of man – it’s a handprint!
Handprints indicate: many European cave artists were female!
More news about fingerprints!

Alcoholic hand gel: be aware of how children use it!Alcoholic hand gel: be aware of how children use it!

Alcoholic hand gel ‘is being drunk by children’.

Hand hygiene – the latest new headlines!

After 2009 reports about prisoners misusing alcoholic hand gel (they drank it to get drunk), recently the Irish National Poisons Information Centre (NPIC) made another report of worisome side-effects of alcoholic hand gel. It appears that a relatively high percentage of children got ingested after using alcoholic hand gel.

John Herbert, NPIC spokesman, said that the organisation was concerned at the trend, which reflected the increasing availability of these products in hospitals, businesses and other healthcare institutions in 2009:

“We saw a pretty steady increase in the number of calls around November last year. however, that since the spike in calls, numbers had dropped to eight in 2010 so far.”

The NPIC received 54 enquiries and 74pc of these related to children. In 2008, there were just 20 calls from concerned doctors who were treating patients who had ingested alcohol hand gel!

SUGGESTION FOR FURTHER READING:
Hand hygiene news: 2010-2008 headlines!
Hand Hygiene: warm air dryers increase bacteria on hands!
Swine flu prevention is a matter of ‘hand hygiene’!
Misleading hand gel sanitizers… waist of money?’

Study reports: hand gel sanitizers far less effective than expected!

New study reports: hand gels are misleading, only killed 60 per cent of germs at best.

Hands on proper hand hygiene!

Last year, when swine flu hit, sales of some products rocketed by 70 per cent. Yet do hand gels really help? A study carried out in December 2009 by Ottawa University found that some brands that claimed to kill ’99 per cent’ of germs did not – at the very best they killed 60 per cent, and at worst just 46 per cent.

A dailymail report describes:

“The Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency says it has had to investigate numerous hand-cleaning products for making claims that they can kill specific viruses such as swine flu or MRSA. They are not allowed to make these claims, because it gives the impression they have some medical effect. Gels can only really help kill everyday germs, such as those that cause the common cold. Yet few people realise that the hands have to be clean in order for many hand gels to work.

‘Like many cleaning agents, most hand gels will be less effective in the presence of protein matter, such as food, mud, faecal matter or blood,’ says Dr Ron Cutler, a microbiologist from Queen Mary, University of London. ‘You really need to wash off all visible signs of dirt before they will be totally effective.’ Many hand gels contain alcohol, which kills germs by attacking their outer membrane. For maximum benefit, a hand gel should contain at least 62 per cent alcohol – but no more than 80 per cent. This is because the gel should contain some water, as once the outer membrane of the bacteria or virus has been penetrated it is water that kills it.

But new research suggests that hands gels won’t protect against gastroenteritis or viral stomach bugs such as norovirus. Furthermore, a recent study by the Agri-Food and Biosciences Institute, Belfast, found that even Spirigel, the alcohol-based gel used in NHS hospitals, stops working within seconds of use. A non-alcohol gel offered much longer protection, killing viruses for up to 24 hours after it was applied.

Should we abandon alcohol hand gels? Non-alcohol gels work in a variety of ways. Byotrol, the gel used in this study, contains mainly water, but the gel forms an invisible layer that stays on the hands and literally pulls bacteria and viruses apart. Some others, such as No Germs, use chemical antibacterial agents or even essential oils. ‘When alcohol hand gels were first introduced years ago, it was so much better than anything else,’ says microbiologist Stephen Falder, who helped develop Byotrol. ‘But if you were going to start designing a hand gel now from scratch, you would abandon alcohol.’

He adds: ‘Alcohol stops working almost as soon as it’s dry, and does not give you residual protection.’ other experts disagree and say that while the effects of non-alcohol hand gels may last longer, alcohol is better at killing germs.

Professor John oxford, a virus expert from St Barts and Royal london Hospital, says he would always prefer an alcohol-based gel. ‘Yes, it might not work against things like norovirus, but norovirus is a very difficult bug to get rid of and nonalcohol gels won’t work against it either – little will. ‘The alcohol ones do work and certainly work against things like swine flu.’

Mr Cutler backs him up. ‘If my hands were dirty, I would wash them first with soap and water, using lots of agitation. ‘This cleans off all visible dirt. I would then apply an alcohol hand gel to get rid of any residual bacteria. ‘There are non-alcohol based products, some for example contain citrus oils, but I am not sure how strong an alternative these are. Washing your hands is the best option. ‘This should definitely be done after you go to the loo, after changing a nappy, after you sneeze, before you eat, before preparing food and after handling raw foods such as meat.'”

“The gold standard of hand washing is using hot running water and soap.”

The gold standard of hand washing is using hot running water and soap!

“‘You need to wash both the palms and the finger tips and around rings of the fingers, as bacteria can lodge there,’ says Dr Anthony Hilton, a reader in microbiology from Aston University. ‘Then you should dry with a paper towel or hand drier. However if this is not available, then alcohol-based hand gels can be a very good substitute.'”

So, the essential is: do not consider hand gel sanitizers as a ‘safe’ alternative for hand washing!!!

SUGGESTION FOR FURTHER READING:
October 15 – ‘Global hand washing day!’
July 18 – ‘Nelson Mandela day!’
Swine flu prevention is a matter of ‘hand hygiene’!
Hand Hygiene: warm air dryers increase bacteria on hands!
Youtube video contest: ‘it’s in your hands!’

10 commandments for hand hygiene!

DENVER & ST. PAUL, Minn., Mar 16, 2010 – With a video featuring healthcare professionals demonstrating hand hygiene practices while singing a version of the Hokey Pokey, Billings Clinic of Billings, Mont., was named the winner of the “It’s in Your Hands” YouTube video contest, sponsored by 3M and the Association of periOperative Registered Nurses (AORN).

With more than 2,500 votes, Billings Clinic was announced as the winner last night during the AORN annual Congress in Denver, and received a $5,000 educational grant that can be redeemed for any AORN program or service or to purchase AORN reference materials.

“Hand hygiene is an integral part of patient safety at Billings Clinic and our team united to share a serious message in an entertaining way,” said Jackie Hines, RN, the AORN member who submitted the video on behalf of Billings Clinic. “We are honored to be recognized by our industry and thank AORN and 3M for bringing attention to the important work of perioperative professionals.”

The Billings video competed against two other finalists from John Muir Medical Center, Walnut Creek, Calif., and Chapel Hill Tubal Reversal Center, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. The three finalists were selected by AORN’s Recommended Practices Committee using several contest criteria including adherence to AORN’s Recommended Practices for Hand Hygiene in the Perioperative Setting, an evidence-based set of guidelines for practicing optimal hand hygiene.

“It has been incredibly exciting to have professionals around the country rally behind this initiative and show both their colleagues and patients how they follow these critical hand hygiene best practices” said Patrick Voight RN, BSN, MSA, CNOR, president of AORN. “We congratulate Billings Clinic on their selection as contest winner. Billings Clinic demonstrated perfect adherence to the Recommended Practices, while also incorporating creativity.”

The “It’s in Your Hands” YouTube video contest was created as part of a partnership between 3M Infection Prevention and AORN to raise awareness of the deadly risks associated with improper hand hygiene techniques and the importance of the Recommend Practices, while encouraging best practices among OR nurses and other healthcare professionals.

SUGGESTION FOR FURTHER READING:
Swine flu prevention is a matter of ‘hand hygiene’!
Hand Hygiene: warm air dryers increase bacteria on hands!
More swine flu prevention: the 10 commandments for hand hygiene!

The hand of Africa - by: Nelson Mandela!

“Hand of Africa” – by Nelson Mandela!

(Part of ‘The Hands of Nelson Mandela‘ tribute)

In 2007 Nelson Mandela presented his famous lithography series titled: ‘My Robben Island’. The lithograph in this exhibit with the highest price tag ($32,000) was made by accident when Mandela placed his hand in wet ink – see the picture above.

The idea of hand prints however intrigued him and he began to make several images. Only later did an assistant point out the iconic image inside the right hand print of the painting now in front of us. In the center of Mandela’s right palm shows a clear silhouette of the African continent. This is how Nelson Mandela became the most commercially successful artist of the twentieth century.

The Robben Island Series of charcoal and pastel sketches was completed by Nelson Mandela between March and June 2002.

Mandela said about his scetches:

“These sketches not so much about my life as they are about my own country, I drew hands because they are powerful instruments, hands can hurt or heal, punish or uplift. They can also be bound but a quest for righteousness can never be repressed. In time, we broke loose the shackles of injustice, we joined hands across social divides and national boundaries, between continents and over oceans and now we look to the future, knowing that even if age makes us wiser guides, it is the youth that remind us of love, of trust and the value of life.”

“Impressions of Africa” (left) & “Hand of Africa” (right) by Nelson Mandela.
Impressions of Africa & Hand of Africa by Nelson Mandela.

“IMPRESSIONS OF AFRICA”:

Signed, limited edition lithograph – Paper Size: 650 x 500 mm.
Throughout history few have left so indelible an imprint on the international stage as Nelson Mandela. His courage, his compassion and his humanity are among the qualities than have led to this Nobel laureate being recognized as the world\’s greatest living statesman. It is therefore fitting that the extraordinary imprint of his right hand should so closely resemble the shape of the continent of Africa. It is as though its rhythms, sources of strength and dynamism were reflected in the character of this truly amazing man who is now also a talented artist. Never did a single individual more powerfully symbolize the hopes of a nation. South Africa became free in the way that it did because his hand reached out to all and thus his name became a beacon of hope to oppressed peoples throughout the world. The edition is limited to 1,000 hand printed lithographs. The print is numbered 263/1000. All plates have been destroyed.

“HAND OF AFRICA”:

Signed, limited edition lithograph – Paper Size: 650 x 500 mm.
Africa has historically had a capacity for suffering which has often seemed almost infinite. Slavery and colonialism, a poverty, is afflicting millions throughout the continent. In the second of these works, the imprints of the hands of children surround that of Nelson Mandela\’s left hand. Nelson Mandela, now in his eighties but as resolute as ever, is once again reaching out to answer the new cry from children in his beloved country. The edition is limited to 500 hand printed lithographs. This print is numbered 239/500. All plates have been destroyed.

More of Nelson Mandela’s sketches are available at Gallery Peter Herrmann

More Nelson Mandel handimpression from the 46664 concert project.
More hand impressions of Nelson Mandela - the 46664 concert project.

On 29 November 2003 an event called the ‘46664 Concert’ was held at Green Point Stadium in Cape Town. It was hosted by Mandela and its goal was to raise awareness of the spread of HIV/AIDS in South Africa. In 2005 follow-up 46664 concerts were presented in George, South-Africa and Madrid, Spain.

The meaning of the number 46664 is explained as follows:

Mandela was imprisoned on Robben Island in 1964, and was the 466th prisoner to arrive that year. The prison administration’s scheme of numbering prisoners was to follow the sequence number of the prisoner (466 in his case), with the last two digits of the year (64).[1]
The number was imposed on him by the prison for over 25 years, until his release in 1990. “Prisoner 46664” continues to be used, as a reverential title for him, and the Nelson Mandela Foundation uses 46664.com as its website address.
Shortly before Joe Strummer’s death, he and U2’s Bono co-wrote the song “46664” for Mandela as part of the campaign against AIDS in Africa.

On July 18, 2009, the 91st birthday of Nelson Mandela, the first ever Nelson Mandela day was organized.

Nelson Mandela in a t-shirt of the first ‘Nelson Mandela day’ at july 18, 2009.
Nelson Mandela celebrates the very first Nelson Mandela day: july 18, 2009.

And on november 26, 2009 the United Nations decided to declare July 18 as: Nelson Mandela International Day.

Interestingly, the story behind this announcement is quite remarkable: after Mandela – While branded a terrorist by the US Government – was allowed in 1990 to speak in New York at the United Nations General Assembly. It took another 18 years before the United States finally removed Nelson Mandela and ANC party members from their designated terrorist list.

Nelson Mandela celebrates the very first Nelson Mandela day: july 18, 2009.

Finally, a few more impressions from Nelson Mandela’s hands … who became also known as the first black president of South-Africa (1994-1999).

[Additional curiosity: the most remarkable hand characteristic in Nelson Mandela’s hands is the extra crease on the lower phalange of his pinky fingers.]

SUGGESTION FOR FURTHER READING:
The Hand of Nelson Mandela – photos, articles & videos
Presidential palm readings: the hands of 10 US presidents!
Famous hands gallery – the hand of politicians

Nelson Mandela's left hand.

Nelson Mandela's left hand.

Vladmir Putin - the right hand of 'Hardman'!

Vladimir Putin – the current Prime Minister and former President of Russia!

Putin’s nicknames in Russia include “Hardman” “The Reasoning Terminator”, and “The Grey Cardinal”. The Russian press both joke and quake at his expressionlessness and his lack of smiles. Former US president George W. Bush nicknamed Putin as ‘Pooty-Poot’.

A QUICK IMPRESSION OF HIS HANDS:

– Fingers are short compared to his square shaped palm;
– Pinky finger is very long;
– Strong thumb.

SUGGESTION FOR FURTHER READING:
Famous hands gallery – the hand of politicians
Presidential hands: Vladimir Putin vs. Barack Obama

Vladimir Putin’s hand vs. Barack Obama’s hand.
Vladimir Putin's right hand.Barack Obama's right hand.